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29th September

 

Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson was born 29th September 1758

Nelson was born in the small village of Burnham Thorpe in Norfolk into a prosperous Norfolk family

Brief background

Nelson joined the navy aged 12 with the help of his uncle and spent his early career on the ship his uncle commanded.  Nelson progressed through the ranks eventually reaching his own command in 1778 at the age of 20. During this time Nelson began to cement a reputation for valor, a clear understanding of tactics and above all being bold during enemy engagements with some notable disregard of orders from his superiors. Though all was not quite so straightforward in Nelson’s career. He experienced periods of illness and also extended periods of unemployment; 5 years on half pay, frustrated at lack of command.

Nelson married Francis Nisbet in 1787 in Nevis.

When Britain entered the French revolutionary wars in 1793, Nelson was given the command of the Agamemnon, helping to capture Corsica and further engagement at Calvi, the location where Nelson lost the sight in one eye. In further battles in 1797, Nelson lost his right arm at the Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. During the 1798 Battle of the Nile, Nelson successfully destroyed Napoleon’s naval fleet. 1801 saw Nelson’s promotion to Vice Admiral.

The most famous engagement, the Battle of Trafalgar prevented the invasion of Britain by Napoleon. Nelson was killed in action during the battle by a French Sniper.

Nelson sent out the most famous signal to the fleet

“England expects that every man will do his duty”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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