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13th September

James Wolfe Hero from Quebec

1759 James Wolfe British Army Officer, died in Canada, buried in Greenwich

James Wolfe Statue Greenwich
James Wolfe Statue Greenwich
James Wolfe Statue Greenwich stone text
James Wolfe Statue Greenwich stone text

James Wolfe

2/1/1727- 13/9/1759

British Army officer, Who was the son of Edward Wolfe, a well respected General. James was a Lieutenant Colonel by the time he was 23.

Born Westerham Kent. The National Trust now run his former childhood home “Quebec House” Wolfe was nicknamed Hero of Quebec, as can be seen below.

1738 Wolfe’s family moved to Greenwich, which explains why a grand statue of him is at a wonderful viewing point on the hill by the Royal Observatory overlooking Greenwich park and the views from there. His statue is surrounded by tourists all year from all over the world who rather seem to be unaware of it using the base as a seating area.

A few Key Military points of Wolfe’s history

When he was young he served in the War of the Austrian Succession

He had impressed superiors for his performance during the Jacobite rising of 1745.

He continued to serve in the Scottish Highlands, until the next outbreak of war 1756 “Seven Years War”.

William Pitt gave him a 2nd in command post to deal with the  Seige at “Fortress of Louisbourg Canada. Success promoted him to a commander and onto capturing Quebec City, Battle of Quebec also known as Battle of the Plains of Abraham. British against the French. On the 13th September Wolfe was killed during the peak of this battle. He became immortalised as a hero for the 7 years war and is in a painting entitled the “Death of General Wolfe” Internationally. The Artist was Benjamin West. 1770 Oil on Canvas and is in the Canadian National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa.

https://www.gallery.ca/collection/artwork/the-death-of-general-wolfe

“Wolf, the dauntless hero, came”

Wolfe also appears in the lyrics of a Canadian song, “The Maple Leaf forever, ”  that almost could have made it as a national anthem.  The song was written by Alexander Muir 1867. The Same year as Canada’s confederation  It is favoured by many but considered more a British patriotic song, than inclusive for French Canadians.  Muir did revise lyrics and include a symbol of France the Lily, “Fleur-de-lis”. Initially, he was inspired by the Maple tree at Maple cottage in Toronto where he lived.

Part way through the link below, it will play the Song Muir Wrote, there is some background information too.

 

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