On the 4th of November 1922 in the valley of the Kings, a British Archeologist discovered the Lost Tomb of Tutankhamen.
We take up the story of the discovery of steps leading to the tomb of Tutankhamen, by British archaeologist, Howard Carter and Earl of Carnarvon in the Valley of the Kings at Luxor, Egypt.
Carter first started working for Lord Carnarvon, also known as George Herbert, Lord Carnarvon was an amateur Egyptologist. Carter previously held the post of Director of the Egyptian Antiquities Service. He believed that the tomb of Tutankhamun was still to be discovered. After years of work in November 1922, Lord Carnarvon gave Carter an ultimatum that this would be the last year he would keep financing the excavations. Carter then came up with the discovery of a top of the stairway to what he proposed was the entrance to the Lost Tomb of Tutankhamun.
The Griffith Institute has preserved journals that belonged to Howard Carter that document that on the 4th of November 1922 at 10 am traces of the entrance of the Tomb of Tutankhamun was possibly found.
Had they discovered the lost Tomb of Tutankhamun?
On the 5th of November 1922, they had cleared down to the 12th step and before them, they faced a sealed entrance to a Tomb.
Inspectors of the Royal Necropolis were present to examine the seals, created in a wet mortar some 3000 years earlier.
The Seals had the Royal Necropolis seal Anubis that symbolised a King. Small hut buildings were found towards the entrance, these were dated to the construction time era of Ramesses VI tomb.
Carter’s team built scaffolding so that tools could reach the sealed door. They used 1000 candle power lights on frames made out of wood to illuminate the workspace.
Clearing the blocked entrances, staircases and rooms lead the team to more blocked passages. The suspense continued throughout November, broken objects initially with a mixture of names where removed. The further inside, the more artefacts were found, but now with labels Tut.ankh.Amen. Confirming the hopes that this was the grave of the Pharoah Tutankhamun.
Into 1923 and until 1932
On February 16th, 1923, the team reached and opened the burial chamber of Tutankhamun. The entrance to the chamber contained a wooden portcullis and iron door.
This find was one of the all-time greatest archaeological discoveries. The Coffin made of solid gold weighing approx 110kg. Artefacts inside also of gold and jewels, thousands of precious spectacular items. It took some 10-11 yrs till 1932 for all the items to be extracted analysed and catalogued.
These items have travelled the world on roadshow exhibitions fashionable to attend. London at the moment is about to experience one such an event.